GENERAL INFORMATION PERU
13°30'45 '' of south latitude and at the 71°58'33" ' of longitude west starting from the meridian of Greenwich. The department of Cusco is located in the area southeast of the country, embracing mountain areas and forest. The city of Cusco, capital of the department of the same name, is in the valley of the river Huatanay.
The official language is Spanish, but in a lot of regions of Cusco they are continued using the language of the old Peruvians (Quechua). Most of the tours that are carried out in the city of Cusco offers in two languages Spanish and English.
Population :-The populational projection in the city of Cusco for beginnings of the XXI century belongs to about 300,000 inhabitants, with an approximate rate of growth of 4% yearly.
Altitude:3,400 mals (11,150 feet).
Some people not accustomed to the altitude usually have problems for the disease of the oxygen. This phenomenon makes changes to people that live in the altitudes, developing the heart and he/she makes the wide lungs, its blood also contains a higher quantity of red cells. The oxygen shortage takes place in some people the illness of the well-known altitude as soroche or illness of Monge. As symptoms they show up the insomnia, headache, slow breathing, pain the part threshold. Slow reflections of the tendons and it can have loss of weight, thyroid deficiency, lung edema, or infections. The women can experience dismenorrea or amenorrhoea, and many people experience the psychological or mental interferences. Some people can take them days, weeks or even years to get used to some altitudes
- Republic of Perú: 1'285 ,215 Km²
- Department of Cusco: 76,225 Km²
- Province of Cusco: 523 Km².
Hour. GMT / UT less 5 hours
Electric Current: It is of 220V, 60 Hz. The flat European and American plugs require adapters.
Weights and Measures: Kilograms and Metric System.
Currency.-The official currency in Peru is the Nuevo Sol and its symbol is S/. This is emitted in bills of 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 Nuevos Soles; in coins of 1, 2 and 5 Nuevo Sol, and in 10, 20 and 50 cents of a sol.
Limit: Lima for the north with the forests of Junín and Ucayali, for the south with Arequipa and Puno, for the east with the great amazon plain of Madre de Dios and for the west with the mountain of Apurímac and the forest of Ayacucho. At the present time, in accordance with the process of initiate regionalization in 1988, the department of Cusco has transformed into a Region.
Altitude: Cusco is located approximately on 3,400 mals and is considered as one of the highest cities in the whole Perú.
Latitude and Longitude: The city is at 13° 30' 45" South latitude and at 71° 58' 33" longitude West starting from the meridian of Greenwich.
Hour: The Peruvian hour is 5 hours after GMT (Greenwich Meridian Time) and it is similar to the hour EST (Eastern Standard Time) of the United States.
Referential hours: when in Peru it is 12:00 pm, in Santiago and Caracas is 13:00pm; in Río de Janeiro and Buenos Aires is 14:00 pm; in New York the 12:00 pm, and in Tokyo, 2 am of the following day.
JAN: FEB: SEA: APR: MAY: JUN: JUL:AGO:SEP:OCT:NOV:DIC:
- Max Temp ºC 20 21 21 22 21 21 21 21 22 22 23 22
- Max Temp ºF 68 70 70 72 70 70 70 70 72 72 73 72
- Min Temp ºC 7 7 7 4 2 1 -1 1 4 6 6 7
- Min Temp ºF 45 45 45 40 36 34 30 34 40 43 43 45
- Wet days / month 18 13 11 8 3 2 2 2 7 8 12 16
The Cusco´s weather is relatively fresh. The temperature yearly fluctuates between the 10.3°C and the 13°C (among Fahrenheit 50.54° and 52.34°). There is some uniformity in the temperature between summer and winter. It is usually cold in the night and during the tomorrow's first hours it increases the temperature considerably until the noon. In the sunny days the temperature reaches the 20°C.
Cusco is under the macro-climatic influence of big masses of air coming from the south oriental forest, of the Plateau, and even of the distant region of Patagonia. The winds that arrive of the Peruvian-Bolivian plateau are rather colds and dry, the same as those that come from Patagonia, entering for the southeast area and that in general means climatic events of more scale.
On the other hand, the local winds that are generated in their valleys and in their plains have the function of distributing heat and humidity throughout the day. The winds of the south forest imply immense masses of air loaded with humidity that are impelled by the trade winds of the east.
The altitude in which is Cusco and its proximity to the equator generates a variety of climates in those that are distinguished two very defined seasons:
The season of rains starts from November to February or March. The stocking of the annual precipitations fluctuates among the 600 to 1000 mm.
The Dry season, from February or March until October. During the month of June the temperature frequently falls up to 5° or 7°C (23° or 19.4°F) and it can also reaches below zero.
Warm climates (humid and dry)
They correspond to the areas of low forest, so much to the north of the low Urubamba, like to the east of the department, in the entrance of the valleys Psicopata and Manu.
Precipitations:More than 1,000 mm per year.
- Maxim: around 30°
- Medium: between 23° and 25°
- Minimum: around 20°
The warm and dry weather, on the other hand, are given in the low yungas that appear, in form of canyons, in the basin of the river Apurímac, to the center and Southwest of the department.
Precipitations: Less than 500 mm per year.
- Maxim: up to 32°
- Medium: between 17° and 18°
- Minimum: up to 4.4°
Temperate climates (humid and dry)
Climates of the andean valleys that dominate the central area of the Cusco´s territory, where the difference in humidity is marked by the location in the slope. That is to say, the proximity to the east implies more humidity, while the proximity to the occident implies bigger dryness. The areas of temperate climate are of vital importance for the establishment of the populations.
- Maxim: up to 29°
- Medium: between 11° and 16°
- Minimum: between 7° and -4°
Cold climates (humid and dry)
They are given, mainly, in the high areas of the valleys, in the punas and in the regions that surround the glaciers; that means, in areas that are above 4.200 meters.
- Maxim: up to 10°
- Medium: they vary as the altitude.
- Minimum: below 0°
Humidity: In the lowest section of the valley of Cusco there is an average of yearly humidity of 64%.